A “Compelling Reason” for Mandating Mediation: to Advocate for its Use

By:  Donald L. Swanson “Studies show that parties who have entered mediation reluctantly still benefited from the process even though their participation was not voluntary.” D. Quek, Mandatory Mediation: An Oxymoron? Examining the Feasibility of Implementing a Court-Mandated Mediation Program, Cardozo Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol 11:479, at 483 (Spring 2010). Dorcas Quek is arguing... Continue Reading →

How Mandatory Mediation Succeeds: Seven Illustrations

By: Donald L. Swanson “Mandatory mediation” is a self-explanatory term.  It means this: –Disputing parties are required by court order or rule of law to participate in a mediation session. Mandatory mediation is a common tool for resolving disputes.  However, a reticence still exists, in much of the bankruptcy world, toward mandatory mediation.  The sources... Continue Reading →

Omission of Mediators and Other “Masters” from Federal Bankruptcy Rules is the Result of Haste and Error?!

By: Donald L. Swanson Mediators and Other Special Masters in District Courts -- Rule 53 “Special Masters” can be appointed by U.S. District Courts to handle special circumstances, under Fed.R.Civ.P. 53. One type of special master under Rule 53 is a “Settlement Master” (aka “Mediator”). Special masters are used by District Courts, typically, in large... Continue Reading →

U.S. Congress and Supreme Court Support ADR — But Some Bankruptcy Courts Remain Nonconformist on Mediation

NonconformityBy Donald L. Swanson There is "a kind of 'hostility to arbitration' that led Congress to enact" the Federal Arbitration Act. Kindred Nursing Centers v. Clark, U.S. Supreme Court Case No. 16-32 (decided May 15, 2017). Alternative dispute resolution processes ("ADR") include arbitration and mediation. Arbitration Congress passed the Federal Arbitration Act ("Arbitration Act") to... Continue Reading →

How Mediation Can Be Effective – Even When it Doesn’t Happen

By: Donald L. Swanson Arch Coal, Inc., files bankruptcy on January 11, 2016. By the month of May 2016, the debtor and its creditors are in contentious negotiations over terms of a Chapter 11 plan.  At one point, the parties think they have an agreement in principal, but things fall apart when putting settlement details... Continue Reading →

How a Judge Makes Mediation Work: Supporting Mediation with Timely Orders

By Donald L. Swanson “We in bankruptcy impair contracts all day, every day . . . That is what we do.” --Judge Steven Rhodes, as quoted by Nathan Bomey in “Detroit Resurrected: To Bankruptcy and Back.” Michigan’s State Constitution provides that public pension rights cannot be impaired.  So, pensioners take the position, in Detroit’s bankruptcy,... Continue Reading →

Mandating Mediation to Develop a Mediation Culture

By:  Donald L. Swanson “[T]he full benefits of mediation are not reaped when parties are left to participate in it voluntarily.” D. Quek, Mandatory Mediation: An Oxymoron? Examining the Feasibility of Implementing a Court-Mandated Mediation Program, Cardozo Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol 11:479, at 483 (Spring 2010). The article linked above is written by Dorcas... Continue Reading →

How a Judge Makes Mediation Work: Minimizing Risks in Close-Call and Winner-Take-All Disputes

By Donald L. Swanson “The decision here is most likely all or nothing.  One side is going to win and the other side is going to lose—and that’s going to be very happy on one side and very tough on the other side.” --Judge Steven Rhodes, encouraging parties to reach a settlement, as quoted in... Continue Reading →

A Proactive Mediator Role: “Special Settlement Master”

By Donald L. Swanson Mediators are appointed as “special masters” in the U.S. District Courts.  Such appointments are authorized by Fed. R. Civ. P. 53. Examples of Mediators as Special Settlement Masters Mediators appointed as special settlement masters are often given a broad range of authority to act proactively on the court’s behalf. One example is In... Continue Reading →

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